Hindi Verb Project
ASCII to Devanagari Chart
This is a listing of the ASCII representation of the Devanagari Alphabet
It is (at this point) divided into:
For the most part the ASCII transcription is pretty much straight forward:
- Short Devanagari vowels are represented as single vowels in ASCII
- Long vowels are doubled in ASCII
- The vowels are considered long vowels in Hindi and are therefore transcribed in ASCII as 'ee' and 'oo' respectively
- Diphthongs are their ASCII counterpart, so that are 'ai' and 'au' respectively
One problem with Devanagari Vowels is the short 'a' which in many instances is deleted syllable finally in spoken Hindi. There may be instances where it is still in the ASCII transcription although it is not pronounced in standard Hindi. If you should come across one of these superfluous short 'a's a note would be appreciated.
- Palatal fricatives are written as 'c', 'ch', 'j', 'jh' in this ASCII transcription
- Aspirated consonants are rendered in ASCII as the corresponding consonant + 'h'
- Retroflex consonants are represented by capital letters; thus
are 'T', 'Th', 'D', 'Dh', and 'N' in ASCII transcription
- Words of Persian, Arabic, or other origin often contain sounds that are not part of the 'strict' inventory of phonemes of Hindi. In many cases approximations are given in Devanagari with a 'dot' under the consonant in question.
The most common letters are which are in ASCII transcription 'q', 'x', 'G', 'z', 'R', 'Rh', and 'f'
Problems arise in the transcription with the following consonants:
- Anusvara and anunasik are written as either capital 'N' or 'M', depending on the phonetic context
- Nasalized vowels are written as vowel + capital 'N'
- Velar, palatal, and retroflex nasals are transcribed as capital 'N'.
This may lead to some ambiguity in the transcription.
On the other hand this ambiguity exists also in the Devanagari script: There is no clear definition (as far as different dictionaries are concerned) as to whether a homorganic nasal should be written out or whether it should be written as the anunasik/anusvara.